Frequently Asked Questions

BIOS Update Procedure Locally (Instant flash)

There are 2 methods for updating the BIOS using Instant Flash.

Method 1:

  1. Save the BIOS files on a device such as USB disk (FAT32 format), hard disk (FAT32 format) and floppy drive.
  2. Press [F2] during POST to get into BIOS setup menu.
  3. Select the Instant flash under [Advanced] menu to execute it.
  4. ASRock Instant Flash will automatically detect all devices and only list those BIOS versions which are suitable for your motherboard, and select the suitable BIOS version and flash.
  5. Please DO NOT power off during BIOS update.
  6. After update success, it will pop up below massage. Please press Enter to reboot system.
  7. After system restart, press [F2] or [Del] to enter the BIOS setup utility during boot up to check BIOS version.
  8. In Exit menu, please select "Load Default Settings" and press [Enter] to continue.
  9. Select "Exit Saving Changes" and press [Enter] to exit the BIOS setup utility.

Method 2:

  1. Save the BIOS files on a device such as USB disk (FAT32 format), hard disk (FAT32 format) and floppy drive.
  2. Press [F6] when you see this (or similar) page.
  3. Select the suitable BIOS version and flash.
  4. Please DO NOT power off during BIOS update.
  5. After update success, it will pop up below massage. Please press Enter to reboot system.
  6. After system restart, press [F2] or [Del] to enter the BIOS setup utility during boot up to check BIOS version.
  7. In Exit menu, please select "Load Default Settings" and press [Enter] to continue.
  8. Select "Exit Saving Changes" and press [Enter] to exit the BIOS setup utility.
  9. Now, system is booting up with new BIOS.

If you encounter problems while updating the new BIOS, DO NOT turn off your system since this corrupt BIOS might cause your system failed to boot up. Just repeat the process, and if the problem still persists, update the original BIOS file. If the Flash Memory Writer utility was not able to successfully update a complete BIOS file, your system may not be able to boot up. If this happens, your system will need service.

BIOS Update Procedure Locally (DOS)

BIOSfilename.EXE: The Flash Memory Writer utility is included in the WinZip format of BIOS file. It updates the BIOS by uploading a new BIOS file to the programmable flash ROM chip on the motherboard.

  1. Create a bootable system USB pen drive.
  2. Download an updated ASRockRack BIOS file (WinZip format with .zip file extension) from the web site, unzip the BIOS file and save all files to the drive you created in step 1.
  3. Boot from the disk you created in step 2.
  4. At the "C:\" prompt, type BIOSfile.exe, then press [Enter]. For example: C:\2D16C4~1.exe
  5. When see below massage, please press any key to continue.
  6. System will auto restart, and update BIOS. Please DO NOT power off during BIOS update.
  7. After update success, it will pop up below massage. Please press Enter to reboot system.
  8. After system restart, press [F2] or [Del] to enter the BIOS setup utility during boot up to check BIOS version.
  9. In Exit menu, please select "Load Default Settings" and press [Enter] to continue.
  10. Select "Exit Saving Changes" and press ]Enter] to exit the BIOS setup utility.
  11. Now, system is booting up with new BIOS.

If you encounter problems while updating the new BIOS, DO NOT turn off your system since this corrupt BIOS might cause your system failed to boot up. Just repeat the process, and if the problem still persists, update the original BIOS file. If the Flash Memory Writer utility was not able to successfully update a complete BIOS file, your system may not be able to boot up. If this happens, your system will need service.

BIOS Update Procedure Locally (Windows)

This utility works in Microsoft® Windows 7 (32 / 64 bit), Windows 8 (32 / 64 bit), Windows 8.1 (32 / 64 bit), Server 2008 R2 SP1 (64 bit), Server 2012 (64 bit),Server 2012 R2 (64 bit).

  1. Download the BIOS package (WinZip format with .zip file extension). And close all programs.
  2. Unzip and save all files to the same directory of any storage location accessible by the host system.
  3. Click BIOSfilename.exe
  4. It shows a dialog icon to remind you need to restart the system before updating BIOS. Click "Yes".
  5. System will auto restart, and update BIOS. Please DO NOT power off during BIOS update.
  6. After update success, it will pop up below massage. Please press Enter to reboot system.
  7. After system restart, press [F2] or [Del] to enter the BIOS setup utility during boot up to check BIOS version.
  8. In Exit menu, please select "Load Default Settings" and press [Enter] to continue.
  9. Select "Exit Saving Changes" and press [Enter] to exit the BIOS setup utility.
  10. Now, system is booting up with new BIOS.

If you encounter problems while updating the new BIOS, DO NOT turn off your system since this corrupt BIOS might cause your system failed to boot up. Just repeat the process, and if the problem still persists, update the original BIOS file. If the Flash Memory Writer utility was not able to successfully update a complete BIOS file, your system may not be able to boot up. If this happens, your system will need service

BIOS Update Procedure Remotely (IPMI AST2400)

  1. Make sure you have connected a LAN cable from the laptop (client) to the dedicated IPMI LAN port on the Server. Prepare an USB device with the BIOS firmware installed.
  2. Enter the management system from your laptop (client). Go to Remote Control > Console Redirection.
  3. Click Java Console > Open to open the JViewer.
  4. Select “I accept the risk and want to run this application.” and click Run to launch the JViewer.
  5. In the BIOS screen, go to Advanced > Instant Flash.
  6. Insert the USB device with the BIOS firmware installed into your laptop (client).
  7. Click Hard Disk/USB Redirection.
  8. Select the inserted USB and click Connect Hard disk/USB.
  9. Confirm the inserted USB device is found and click Close to exit.
  10. In the BIOS, go to Advanced > Instant Flash and press the [Enter] key on the keyboard to select.
  11. Choose the desired BIOS firmware and press [Enter].
  12. The BIOS updating begins.
  13. After upgrade, press [Enter] key to reboot the server and confirm the BIOS and BMC versions.

Multi-BIOS Update Procedure Remotely (ASRockRack Server Management Utility)

How to update BIOS through Server Management Utility?

(Supports server motherboard built with BMC AST2500 controller)

Preparation

1. Download and install the Server Management Utility.
(Download: http://www.asrockrack.com/support/SMU.asp)

Steps

Step 1: Login

1~3: Key-in the IP address range to search out the host machine where need to do the BIOS update procedure.

4~5: Key-in BMC login account, then pull-down to check those searched machines.
(For example: Host machine IP = 192.168.37.29)

Step 2: BIOS Update

  1. Tick to select the host machine (ex. 192.168.37.19)
  2. Import the host machine BIOS image file
  3. Click “Start” button to start the BIOS update process

    BIOS update is processing with procedures [Upload --> Upgrading --> Idle]

Step 3: Power ON/Reboot system remotely

  1. Tick to select the host machine IP (ex. 192.168.37.19)
  2. Click “Power on” (“Hard reset” if for reboot)

Step 4: Remote control system

  1. Select the host machine (ex. 192.168.37.19)
  2. Click “Launch JAVA KVM”
  3. Remote the host machine by Jviewer. And check to whether the BIOS update process is success or fail.

Step 5: Back to Step 1: Login

Check to the latest BIOS version of the host machine.
(For example: Host machine IP = 192.168.37.29)

BIOS Update Procedure Remotely (IPMI AST2500)

Steps to update BIOS firmware via IPMI webUI

(Supports server motherboard built with BMC AST2500 controller)

BIOS Firmware Update

[Maintenance] -> [BIOS Update]

This wizard will takes you through the process of firmware upgrades.

Click the “Browse...” to select the BIOS FW file. Then click “Start BIOS update” for the upgrade process. And click “OK” if confirmed to continue the process.

FW verification processing, please wait a few second..

Click “Proceed” to continue the BIOS FW upgrade process. Then click “OK” to start the actual BIOS FW upgrade operation.

FW updrage is processing, please wait a few second..

BIOS FW upgrade process finished. Click “OK” to reload the webpage.

Remark: Clear the browser cookies after the BIOS FW upgrade process finished.

BIOS Update Procedure Locally (EFI Shell)

Environment: EFI Shell
Tool: AFU - AfuEfi
URL: https://www.ami.com/products/firmware-tools-and-utilities/bios-uefi-utilities/
Click here to download AfuEfi64_v5.14.zip

Update steps:

1. Copy the BIOS FW image and the AfuEfi tool into the same folder of USB flash drive.

2. Boot to the EFI Shell and go to the folder where the tool and FW saved.

3. Execute the command: AfuEfix64.efi /p /b /n

4. After process completed, reboot the system and boot into BIOS SETUP to check BIOS version.

BIOS Update Procedure Locally (Linux)

Preparation

1. BIOS Update Tool for Linux
Click here to download Afulnx.zip
Execute Environment: Linux

Step:

1. Before using AfuLnx64, you have to install some kernel source tool by terminal.

2. Open terminal as a super user, then install following package.
apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)
apt-get install dpkg-dev
apt-get source linux-image-$(uname -r)
Apt-get install process is like following picture:

3. After Unzip AfuLnx64, you can see the file “afulnx_64”.

4. Execute command in terminal: chmod 777 afulnx_64

5. Put BIOS image file into AfuLnx64 folder.

6. Execute ./afulnx_64 {your BIOS image file name} /p /b /n
Flash process will take about 3 minutes, please wait.

7. Reboot, then check BIOS version.

How to flash BIOS with EFI shell

Preparation:

In order to flash BIOS with EFI shell, an update tool, the BIOS image to update with and an USB flash drive is required.

Tool: AFU – AfuEfi : Click here to download AfuEfi64_v5.14.zip

BIOS image: The version to be updated into

Step:

  1. Prepare an USB flash drive and create a folder. Put the BIOS image and AfuEfi tool into this folder, then plug in the USB drive to the system you wish to flash BIOS on.
  2. Boot with “UEFI: Built-in EFI Shell”. The interface will show up right away. The USB drive should be recognized as “FS0”, input “FS0:” to access the drive.

  3. Use cd command to change directory to the very folder you have the BIOS and AfuEfi tool stored. Once the directory is changed, run:
    “afuefix64.efi B55IDCG0.06 /p /b /n /x” to start the flash procedure.
    It shall take a while for the “process completed” message to show up.
    *Note that the names should depend on the tool and BIOS in use.
  4. After completion, reboot the system and check the BIOS version in BIOS SETUP page.

    The old BIOS (before update) version in comparison:
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